Prohibition
by
Sara - C period
and
Susan and Griffin - E period

GO team

Prohibition

"The Prohibition law, written for weaklings and derelicts, has divided the nation, like Gaul, into three parts-wets, drys, and hypocrites." Florence Sabin (1871-1953), U.S. anatomist, teacher. Speech, 9 Feb. 1931.

Prohibition during the 1920's, prohibited manufacturing, transporting, importing, and exporting alcoholic beverages. The United States made it illegal in an effort to lower crime and corruption, which would lower taxes needed to support prisons and poorhouses, and to improve health and hygiene in America. It did the opposite. Instead, alcohol became even more dangerous to consume, organized crime blossomed, and courts and prisons became overloaded.


Prohibitionists tended to be one of the following:
A rural or small-town inhabitant Middle class
Anglo-Saxon

Evangelical ProtestantFearful of African-Americans, immigrants, Jews, and Catholics

external image moz-screenshot-1.jpgPeople were forced to throw out their alcohol, causing almost all bars to go out of business.

external image moz-screenshot-1.jpgvoting.jpg
The machine that would end drinking in the states for almost 20 years. The voting machine.


About the prohibition movement, and the 18th amendment.

18th Amendment: 1917 - prohibited manufacture and sale of alcohol within the boundaries of the US
Volstead Act: 1919- defined an alcoholic beverage as one with greater than 0.5%
21st Amendment: 1933 - stated that states could regulate alcohol as their citizens saw fit



A quick and entertaining summary of prohibition in the 1920's.



Groups of Movements:

Women's Christian Movement


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Women would often time meet outside of saloon and sing songs and recite verses when they were trying for reforms.

Anti-Saloon League


One of the most effective reform movements, they were founded in 1896 and only focused on legal prohibition of alcoholic beverages. They appealed to church members, lawmakers, and businessmen. In 1918 the Anti-Saloon League had persuaded 28 states to adopt prohibition laws.


Even though prohibition grew in popularity not everyone agreed with the prohibition movement:


“I make my money by supplying a public demand. If I break the law, my customers, who number hundreds of the best people in Chicago, are as guilty as I am. Everybody calls me a racketeer. I call myself a businessman.” --Bootlegger Al Capone, 1925

" For every prohibition you create you also create and underground" --Biafra

" Prohibition makes you want to cry into your beer and denies you the beer to cry into." --Marquis





http://www.1920-30.com/prohibition/
How prohibition came to the United States, and the positive and negative effects of it in America.

http://www.repealofprohibition.com/
A short statement about the repeal of prohibition.

http://prohibition.osu.edu/
Lots of facts about the prohibition including information about cartoons and prohibition movements.

http://z.about.com/d/cocktails/1/0/e/5/-/-/makersmark_006.jpg
Where the picture of the voting machine was found.

http://www.geocities.com/Athens/troy/4399/
( explanations on the prohibition of Alcohol)